Water is a vital source of society as life is impossible without water and has an exceptional position in terms of other natural resources. Water resources are managed by the location, quantity and quality of water and the inconsistency of water in the future.
The South African industry is making distinct changes in culture and technology to obtain a more water-wise attitude. According to Burke, J. (2020) the application for and compliance to Water Use Licences (WULs) should be accepted as part of the attempt to embody a more water-wise usage.
The National Water Act, 1998 (Act No. 36 of 1998) [as amended] (NWA), is designed to guarantee the preserve, control, use, management, and development of the that the nation’s water resources in numerous ways.
The Integrated Water and Waste Management Plan (IWWMP) structures an integral part of the Integrated Water Use License Application (IWULA) and is a standard condition in the WUL. The purpose of the IWWMP is to determine a plan for the implementation of the WUL (Owens, A., and J. Burke; 2009).
The IWWMP promotes a sustainable environment and equitable water use. The IWWMP considers the relevant Catchment Management areas, the National Water Resource Strategy (NWRS), the Resource Quality Objectives (RQO), the downstream water uses and the sensitivity of the receiving water resources.
The IWWMP captures the essence and outlines all the specialist studies and water management programmes which is structured into a single sustainable and perceptible plan that could be monitored, audited, and implemented by the government and the water users. The IWWMP should be designed in such a way so that it could be improved and updated on a continuous basis, preferably annual.
The IWWMP is a document that serves as a tool for simultaneously comply with the WUL, achieve company standards, implement best practices, and maximize the opportunities to benefit the environment and meet the challenges set out (Owens, A., and J. Burke; 2009).
Burke, J. 2020. How to achieve shorter water-use licence process. https://infrastructurenews.co.za/2020/07/08/how-to-achieve-shorter-water-use-licence-process/.
Owens, A., and J. Burke. 2009. A consolidated approach to implementing best practice guidelines, water use licence conditions and Integrated Water and Waste Management Plans in the Mining environment–opportunities and challenges.