In light of the risks associated with improper waste management practices, waste is governed by several pieces of legislation for the purpose of protecting human health, preventing pollution and ecological degradation as well as to secure ecological sustainable development.   The National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008...

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Large amounts of plastic waste are dumped across the world and can even be found near remote mountains such as Mount Everest and in the deepest oceans. As a result, microplastics have become a global issue which presents a risk to human health. When plastic...

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Wetlands are known to provide several Ecosystem Services (ESS) to the direct natural environment and surrounding human communities. In South Africa, wetlands around the country have been degraded by human induced activities such as agriculture and residential development. Recent figures provided by Working for Wetlands...

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In November 2013 the Minister of the then Water and Environmental affairs promulgated GN 921 in terms of the waste act which contained the List of Waste Management Activities that have, or are likely to have, a detrimental effect on the environment.   On 11 October 2017,...

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Atmospheric Emissions Licenses (AEL’s) are obligatory under the National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act 39 of 2004 (AQA) for activities that result in atmospheric emissions which have a significant negative environmental impact, listed in GN 893 of November 22, 2013.   For an AEL application process, either...

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